In developing these Guidelines, the guidance documents of the Ministry of Railways of the country on the maintenance and repair of industrial railway transport, the rules of the leading sectors of the national economy metallurgical, coal, building materials industries, etc. on the repair and maintenance of railway lines of enterprises were used, the experience of operating railway lines of power plants was also taken into account and construction sites of the industry. The use of the tamping tools comes essential here.
These Guidelines include the main provisions and standards for the organization of operation maintenance and repair of broad gauge tracks of enterprises of the country Ministry of Energy. Railway facilities at industry enterprises must comply with the project and be maintained in accordance with applicable standards.
Structure of Railway tracks
Railway tracks, structures and track devices in power plants, in accordance with the organizational and production structure of the enterprise, are managed by fuel-transport or boiler plants in some cases, by railway workshops. At industrial enterprises and construction sites, railway tracks are run by railway workshops or loading and unloading workshops sections hereinafter transport units.
Intensity of use
According to the intensity of use in the industry, railways are divided into active and inactive. Active routes include the main routes for receiving and departing trains, as well as technological routes for unloading including ways of weighing goods, loading bulk goods and collecting empty railroad cars. All other ways are inactive.
Condition of tracks
Responsibility for the condition of tracks and track devices rests with the workers directly serving them, and, accordingly, the heads of transport divisions, their deputies and road foremen team leaders, who are responsible for these structures and devices.
In the cold season, with snowfall, low temperatures, certain problems may arise with the transfer of arrows to the desired position. In this case, non-adherence to the wit of the rail will be recorded. Because of this, a fuse may blow out, and the engine will burn out. Today, to solve such problems, railway station workers conduct routine track clearing based on the amount of snow. Another solution to this problem is to heat the structure to evenly remove ice and accumulated snow. Typically, gas or electricity is used for this purpose. Often compressed air is used to thoroughly clean the drives.
If certain malfunctions are recorded, in this case, the operation of translations switches is prohibited. This list includes the following breakdowns:
- Fracture wit and rail.
- Separation of wits with rods.
- Wear of wits (vertical), as well as frame rails.
- Destruction of the wit to the degree of danger of bending the ridge.
- Wit reduction of 2 mm relative to the frame rail.
If the cross of the translation does not have a movable core, other malfunctions may be characteristic of it, namely:
- Rupture of a counter-rail bolt.
- Wear of guardrail or core.
- Damage to the guardrail, as well as the core and counter rail.
- The gap between the core and the borders of the counter rail head more than 1435 mm.
- The distance between the boundaries of the head of the counter rail, as well as the center of the cross less than 1472 mm.
All of the above malfunctions threaten the convergence of the train. In certain cases, the wheel may be sandwiched between the counter rail and also the guardrail of the system.