There are significant differences between shoes used in our daily lives and those are manufactured for industrial, agricultural, military, athletic, and artistic purposes. A transcript of the soundtrack of the video is included at the back of the booklet. Whenever the locally spoken language is different from the language used in the video, the facilitator may wish to use this text transcript as a basis for comments and explanations in the local language. Leather Shoes Comment and Observations the video shows very specialized trades that require skills that are not easily learned.
This industry has been considered as one of the thrust areas for development and it has a strong domestic raw material supply base, workforce at cheaper wage levels, strong and sustained technological support, government policy support, and strong growing demand in the developed countries. The leather shoe industry is a very significant segment of the leather industry in India. The estimated annual shoe production is nearly 900 million pairs of which as much as 80% constitute small- scale sector and remaining by medium and large scale units.
Resistance to Water
Water absorption characteristic is accepted as a normal property up to certain limits and extreme values can affect the leather quality negatively. You make holes for shoelaces or belts either with anal or with a pair of professional pliers. These tubes make holes in the leather. Sewing the leather to sew the leather you can use a machine. But you can also do it manually. For that, you first have to draw the planned seam, which should be around3 to 5 cm from the side. Then, make the holes with the point of a pair of compasses, a nail, or an awl. A special sewing needle for leather exists: it is very pointed. This needle allows sewing thin leather without preliminary piercing. The thread should bias thick as the needle. All of these work steps are also necessary for making shoes. You need supple, tanned leather. With the help of a pattern, you cut out the pieces for the shoes, the two lateral parts, and the buttress. In the course of the millenniums we have learned to make other products with leather, one usually uses the skin of cows, sheep, pigs, horses, goats, or games. It is advisable to learn the profession from a craftsman, who is also able to teach you the art of shoemaking. He is particularly careful when doing the edges. Properly trimmed, the different pieces of the shoes are assembled with a sewing machine. The seams are trimmed and hammered to the same thickness as the rest of the leather. The heal seam is hidden under the stiffener. First, the stiffener is glued and then sewn. This makes It twice as strong and secure. The essence of the shoemaker’s art is in assembling the parts of the shoe as precisely as possible. This process determines the quality of the finished product. It all goes so quickly. In a flash, the sides and the uppers are all one piece. Now, the holes for the laces can be marked and punched out. He uses them for cutting out and making the soles. He also needs them to stretch the tops before tacking them down temporarily.